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ICOS 2008 Conference Abstract

Human Evaluation in Russian Appellative Anthroponymy (on Zauralye Archival Sources of the XVI-XIX Centuries)

Author(s):
N Parfyonova
V Savinykh
Surgut State Pedagogical University , Russia

This paper deals with the research of Russian anthroponyms on the analytical basis of the linguocultural concept “human evaluation”. The original handwritten records created in the Zauralye territory (16th - 19th centuries) were used as documentary sources
The Russian people’s mentality at that certain period of development was reflected in these anthroponyms, as were the world perception and that of Russian inner life during the 16th-19th centuries. Nowadays interest in this problem has been increasing: Russians are trying to discover their origins and history, and foreigners are attempting to learn “the secrets of the Russian soul.”
The appellative anthroponyms consist of a large group expressing the emotional evaluation of a human being. At the moment of naming, nicknames performed a characterizing function, they named a person and evaluated their personality on the basis of the most obvious distinguishing features. Later on, family names, derived from nicknames, became non-semantic in the proc-ess of non-semantization and began to carry out only the identificational function typical for the proper name.
The nicknames and derived Russian family names fixed the evaluation of different human qualities and characteristics: emotionality, open display of feelings, extroversion, talkativeness, collectivism, superstition and belief in fate. The cultural component of proper names is indirectly reflected in the semantics of appellative anthroponyms and provides the opportunity to understand the history of Russian culture and the psychology and mentality of Russians.

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