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ICOS 2008 Conference Abstract

Valencian Toponymy in the Arab, Aragon and Catalan World

E Casanova
Univesity of Valencia/AVL, Spain

The king of the Aragon kingdom, Jaume I (1208-1275), reconquered the Kingdom of Valencia, which had been conquered by the Muslims eight centuries before; more precisely, he conquered the city of Valencia in 1238. From 1238 on, Christians started to be substituted for Muslims; they were given lands as reflected in the “Repartiment” books in which name and surname of the owners are recorded as well as the assigned property name (for example, “P. Gasch, alqueriam de Lonbos in Cuylera”) . Also, other documentation exists, such as population charts, affidavits, and judicial books.

The objective of the paper is to analyze all the Valencian toponymy of the 13th and 14th centuries:

a) To make an inventory of place names of Arab, “Mossàrab” and Pre-Roman origin, including in this field, those of Aragonian and Catalan origin.
b) To synthesize the general lines, and determine if all the place names recorded in the “Repartiment” are of Arab or of Pre-Roman origin. Because they were transferred, thanks to Arabian people who knew the territory and their translators, also from surnames and relocated place names.
c) To study the change and survival of the place names through the ages, comparing the documented medieval materials with the current Corpus Toponímic Valencià.

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